Aboveground Biomass and Carbon Stock of Tropical Deciduous Forest Ecosystems of Madhya Pradesh, India

Onkar Salunkhe, P. K. Khare

Abstract


Tropical dry deciduous forests contribute about 41.87% to the total forests in India. Data on biomass and carbon storage in these forests are scanty. The present study deals with the tree biomass and carbon stock in tropical deciduous forests in Madhya Pradesh.  The biomass stocks of four different types of forests viz., mixed non-teak forest (MNTF), dry mixed non-teak forest (DMNTF), teak-dominated forest (TDF) and dry teak forest (DTF), were estimated at twelve different sites. Indicator species for dry conditions considered in the study were Acacia catechu, A. nilotica, Aegle marmelos and Ziziphus sp. At each site, 0.1 ha permanent plots were laid in Damoh, Katni, Raisen, and Sagar districts. Biomass and carbon were estimated by non-destructive method and tree allometric equations. Measurements for basal area and tree height were converted into volume using regional species-specific gravity. Since most of the forests in Madhya Pradesh fall under tropical dry deciduous type, sites were demarcated on the basis of species composition and dominance, and the moisture regime. Mean basal area of forest trees ranged from 4.33 to 9.0 m2 ha-1 being maximum in MNTF. MNTF contributed a higher above ground biomass and the carbon stock. Significant positive correlations were observed between basal area and the aboveground biomass. Significant positive correlations were observed between basal area and the aboveground biomass. Comparison with studies done using destructive sampling methods showed that non-destructive allometric equations give reasonably accurate estimate of aboveground biomass and carbon stock. The  carbon stock of four typical dry deciduous forests were estimated at 25-54 Mg ha-1 (MNTF), 13-42 Mg ha-1 (DMNTF), 33-53 Mg ha-1 (TDF) and 16-24 Mg ha-1 (DTF).

Keywords


Tree Carbon; Aboveground Biomass; Forest Types; Non-destructive Approach; Allometric Equations.

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