Coastal Zones of Islands: Comparative Reflections Between Two Oceanic Island Groups From Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea, India

Rengarajan Sridhar


India has vast coastline of about 7500 km length which covers the west coast from the state Gujarat to Kerala and east coast from the state Tamil Nadu to West Bengal and two oceanic island groups namely the Andaman & Nicobar (A&N) and Lakshadweep Union Territories. The regulatory mechanisms to protect the country’s coastal line, coastal zone and their resources have been well defined through the proper management measures that are different from place to place and regions to regions in coastal areas. Public consultation has also been made mandatory in the legal provisions for conservation and protection of coastal zones and government strategies towards their sustainable development. This article considers two oceanic island groups of India, A&N and Lakshadweep, which are geographically separate, and describes the similarities and differences in various aspects of coastal zone management being adopted and highlights the difference of perceptions of islanders/island people, their claims and rights which are relevant to island area and in particular to coastal zone and its resource use.


India; Andaman & Nicobar; Lakshadweep; Islands; Coastal Zone.


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