Assessment of Crop-Raiding in and Around the Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia

Israel Sebsbie, Mesele Yihune

Abstract


The present study focused on human-herbivores conflict in around the Bale Mountain National Park, Ethiopia. Data were collected from selected sites between July, 2016 and April, 2017, by using questionnaire survey of sample households, direct observation on crop damage by different herbivores and key informant interview. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze socio-economic status of respondents. Chi-square test, correlation and one-way ANOVA were also used to investigate the relationship between different variables. Majority of respondents (82.6%) had reported crop damage by different vertebrates. Olive baboon (Papio anubis), warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus), common mole rat (Tachyoryctus splendens), porcupine (Hystrix cristata), grey duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia), mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni) and bohor reedbuck (Redunca redunca)  were mentioned as important crop raiders. Many (73.65%) of the respondents reported olive baboon and warthog together as major crop raider. Significant number (80%) of respondents reported the loss of barley. There was also (16.1%) the damage of oat, barley, wheat and bean in together. There was positive correlation between distance from the Park and degree of crop damage (r = 0.71, P < 0.05) so that the conflict was not occurred for local people are lived in or near to the Park. The conflict is highly due to the wildlife live outside the parks’ range. Therefore, outside the park border, the population status and distribution of crop-raiders is recommended to be studied so that the management plan would be made easy.

Keywords


Bale Mountains National Park; Crop Raiding; Human-Wildlife ConflictWildlife eclogy

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