Biomass Storage and Carbon Sequestration in Priority Bamboo Species in Relation to Village Physiography

Abul Fazal Majumder, Ashesh K. Das, Arun Jyoti Nath

Abstract


The necessity to enhance biotic carbon sink is one of the significance areas of research under the current scenario of anthropogenic climate change. Bamboos being managed in the rural landscape over the years could be an important strategy to promote carbon sink. Bamboos growing under natural conditions have been studied worldwide for their role in vegetation and soil carbon storage. However, village bamboos have received little attention. The present study was undertaken in Hailakandi district of Assam with the specific objectives: (i) to identify priority bamboo species in relation to village physiography, and (ii) to estimate biomass storage and carbon sequestration potential under at different ages of priority bamboo species in relation to village physiography. On the basis of village physiography, villagers have evolved their own priority species. The study shows that older clumps dominates over younger clump. The aboveground standing biomass stock was higher (0.25-24 Mg ha-1) in flood unaffected villages than flood affected (0.14-15.75 Mg ha-1) and riverside (0.38-15.44 Mg ha-1) villages. Across different priority bamboo species, clump ages and village physiography, the estimated carbon sequestration rate ranges from 0.2 to 0.74 Mg ha-1 yr-1. Although low in carbon sequestration rate, management of village bamboos can provide opportunity for long term carbon sink management. We suggest future studies to explore belowground biomass and soil organic carbon stock to represent the ecosystem carbon stock of village bamboos for better representation of such systems in carbon sink management. 


Keywords


Carbon Sink; Biomass Models; Culm Density; Bamboo Flowering

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