A Report on Bat Species Identified in Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India with a Brief Description of Their Ecology

Beena Vamadevan, T. Neelam, G. Saikumar

Abstract


In a survey of the Indian Veterinary Research Institute campus and adjoining villages around Bareilly city of Uttar Pradesh, India, five species of bats (order Chiroptera) were identified and their morphometric features and habitat were examined. During the period from August, 2016 to July, 2018, a total of 24 individual bats were observed. They belonged to families Pteropodidae (Pteropus giganteuss, Rousettus leschenaultii, Cynopterous sphinx) and Vespertilionidae (Pipistrellus coromandra, Scotophilus heathii). Based on morphometric measurements, PCR amplification and sequencing of mt DNA, COI gene and  field surveys, the different species were recognised. In the study area, species of Fig trees, Sirius, Eucalyptus, Leechi, Mahua trees and other flora provide a suitable habitat for different frugivorous bat species. A brief note on the ecology of these bats is provided.

Keywords


Bat; Pteropodidae; Vespertiolinidae; Ecology; Morphometry; Chiroptera

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