Assessment of Resource Use Impact on Vegetation in Dry and Moist Tropical Forests in Satpura Conservation Area, India

Azra Musavi


The impact of anthropogenic activities on vegetation structure was studied in dry and moist deciduous forests of Melghat Tiger Reserve and Bori Wildlife Sanctuary. Forests in both protected areas were classified into disturbed and undisturbed areas in terms of grazing, lopping, cutting etc. Vegetation in both protected areas was quantified by laying transects. 4 radial transects in 3 villages of Bori Wildlife Sanctuary were established in 4 directions and tree species composition was quantified in 10 m radius circular plots. Seedlings and ground cover were assessed in 5 random quadrats of 50x50 cm each within 10 m circular plots. The vegetation in Melghat Tiger Reserve was analysed around villages where socio-economic surveys were carried out. Tree species were quantified in 10 m circular plot established at 200 m intervals along line transects. Seedlings and ground cover were assessed in 5 random quadrats of 50x50 cm plots. Disturbance factors were quantified in both protected areas using ordinal scale of 0 to 3 scale. Data were analysed to calculate IVI, species richness, diversity, evenness and mean disturbance scores in each category of forests. Tectona grandis was most dominant species in three areas with Terminalia tomentosa being next most important species in both DF1 and DF2 (19.53 and 30.26 respectively) and Ougenia oogeinensis (25.25) in the undisturbed forest (UF). The overall densities of trees in the different forests did not show significant difference. Tree species diversity was higher for the undisturbed forest. The density of plants in recruitment and shrub (GBH <30 cm) class was high in disturbed forests. While grazing pressure was highest in Melghat, cutting and lopping pressures were highest in disturbed forests of Bori Wildlife Sanctuary


Bori Wildlife Sanctuary, Melghat Tiger Reserve, Tree density, Disturbance scores, Grazing


Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. 1968. A Revised Survey of the Forest Types of India. Manager of Publication, New Delhi, India. 404 pages.

Dhore, M. A. and Joshi, P. A. 1988. Flora of Melghat Tiger Reserve. Technical Series No. 1, Directorate of Project Tiger Melghat, Parathwada, India. 174 pages.

Forsyth, J. 1889. The Highlands of Central India: Notes on Their forests and Wild Tribes, Natural History and Sports. London, Chapman and Hall, UK. 512 pages

Fox, J. 1983. Managing Public Lands in a Subsistence Economy: the Perspective From a Nepali Village. Ph.D thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. 229 pages.

Greig-Smith, P. 1983. Quantitative Plant Ecology. University of California Press, Berkley, California. 359 pages.

Keel, S., Gentry, A. H. and Spinzi, L. 1993. Using vegetation analysis to facilitate the selection of conservation sites in Eastern Paraguay. Conservation Biology 7: 66-75.

Knight, D. H. 1975. A phytosociological analysis of species-rich tropical forest on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Ecological Monograph 45: 259-284.

Magurran, A. E. 1988. Ecological Diversity and its Measurement. Croom Helm, Sydney, Australia,145 pages.

Rodgers, W.A. and Panwar, H.S. 1988. Planning a Wildlife Protected Area Network in India. Wildlife Institute of India, FAO Project. Vol. I & II, Wildlife Institute of India's Publication, Dehra Dun, India. 267 pages.

Saxena, K.P. and Singh, J.S. 1982. A phytosociological analysis of woody species in forest communities of a part of Kumaon Himalayas. Vegetatio 50: 3-22.

Singh, K.P. and Singh, J.S. 1988. Certain structural and functional aspects of dry tropical forest and savanna. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Science 14: 31-45.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

COPYRIGHT of this Journal vests fully with the National Instional Institute of Ecology. Any commercial use of the content on this site in any form is legally prohibited.