Influence of Fly Ash on Phytonematodes

S. Ramakrishnan, E. I. Jonathan, S. P. Deepa


Literaturescanned pertaining to the influence of flyash on phytonematodes revealed thatvarious dosage of flyash had effect to suppress Meloidogyne spp. and nematode fungal disease complex in many crops.The flyash demonstrated to be compatable with other beneficial organisms of Pseudomonas spp. Rhizobium, Glomus sp etc.The application of flyash leading to alterations in physiochemicalcharacteristics of soil, enhancement of availability of nutrients, liberationof excess salts, nutrients and heavy metals are attributed as mechanism in themanagement of nematodes and fungal pathogens affecting crops.


Meloidogyne,Fusarium oxysporium, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Rhizobium, AM fungus


Eheewi, A.A.; Grimm, S.R.; Page, A.L. and Stranghan, I.R. 1981. Boron enhancement of plants and treated with coal ash. Journal of Plant Nutrition 3: 409-427.

Francois, L.E. 1964. Effect of excess boron on tomato yield, fruit size and vegetable growth. Journal of American Society and Helminthological Sciences 108: 222-234.

Gnanakumar Daniel, A. 1989. Studies on the Value of Lignite Flyash as Dust Insecticide Against Certain Insect Pests. M.Sc (Ag) Thesis, Annamalai University. Annamalainagar. 98 pages.

Jain, R.K,, Mathur, K.N. and Singh, R.V. 2008. Estimation of losses due to plant parasitic nematodes on different crops in India. Indian Journal of Nematology 37(2): 219-221

Khan, M.R and Khan, M.W. 1994. New Phytopathologist 126 (2): 337-342

Khan, M.R and Khan, M.W. 1996. Effect of flyash on the plant growth and yield of tomato. Environmental Pollution 91: 105-111.

Khan, M.R and Singh, W.N. 2001. Effect of soil application of flyash on the fusarial wilt of tomato cultivars. International Journal of Pest Management 47: 293-297

Khan, M.R. 1989. Studies on the Root Knot Nematode in Relation to Environmental Pollution on Vegetable Crops. Ph.D. Thesis, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh (UP). India. 202 pages.

Khan, M.R.; Khan, M.W. and Singh, K.S. 1997. Management of root knot disease of tomato by the application of flyash in soil. Plant Pathology 46: 33-43.

Kirthpatrick, J.D.; Mai, W.F.; Panicker, K.G. and Flesher, E.G. 1964. Effect of phosphorous and potassium nutrition of sour cherry on the soil population levels of the plant parasitic nematodes. Phytopathology 54: 706-712

Narayanasamy, P. 1994. Studies on Use of Lignite Flyash as an Insecticide and an Adjuvant in Insecticide Formulations. Final report of a project supported by the Tamil Nadu State Council for Science and Technology, Chennai. 99 pages.

Pasha, M.J.; Khan, M.W. and Siddiqui, Z.A. 1990. Effect of soil amendment with flyash of thermal plant origin in root knot nematode on cucumber. Nematologica 36: 381 (Abstract).

Raghupathy, B. 1998. Effect of Lignite Flyash (as Source of Silica) and Phosphorous on Rice, Maize and Sugarcane on Laterite Soil. Ph.D. Thesis. Annamalai University, Annamalainagar.182 pages.

Sarojini, S.; Ananthakrishnasamy, S.; Manimegala, G.; Prakash, M. and G. Gunasekaran. 2009. Effect of lignite flyash on the growth and reproduction of earthworm Eisenia fetida. E-Journal of Chemistry 6(2): 511-517

Siddiqui, Z.A and Singh, L.P. 2005. Effect of flyash with Pseudomonas striata and Rhizobium in the reproduction of nematode Meloidogyne incognita and on the growth and transpiration of pea. Journal of Environmental Biology 26 (1): 117-122.

Singh, S.K. 1989. Studies on Interaction of Air Pollutants and Root Knot Nematodes on Some Pulse Crops. Ph.D. Thesis. Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh

Singh. K. 1993. Impact Assessment of Root Knot Nematode Air Pollution Stressed Plants. Ph.D. Thesis. Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh (UP), India

Tanweer Azam; Hisamudin, T.Nivaz. and Robab, M.I. 2007. Effect of flyash amended soil on the development of root knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita and growth of Ivy gourd, Coccinea cordifolia. Indian Journal of Nematology 17: 119-122.

Taramnmum, A.; Khan, H.A.; Diva, I. and Khan, B. 2001. Influence of flyash on hatching, penetration and development of root knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica. Nematologica Mediterranea 29 (2): 40-45.

Vijayakumar, N and Narayanasamy, P. 2001. Safety lignite flyash to non-target organisms in the rice ecosystem agricultural applications of flyash. Proceedings II National Seminar on Use of Fly Ash in Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, March 5-6, 2001: 65-70

Wang, Q.; Li, Yuncong; Khassen, Waldemer and Handoor, Zafar. 2007. Influence of cover crops and soil amendments on okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) production and soil nematodes. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 22: 41-53.

Zasada, I.A. 2005. Factors affecting the suppression of Heterodera glycines by N-viro soil. Journal of Nematology 37 (2): 220-225

Zasada, I.A and Tenuta, M. 2004. Chemical mediated toxicity of N-viro soil to Heterodera glycines and Meloidogyne incognita. Journal of Nematology 36: 297-309.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright: National Institute of Ecology, New Delhi, India